The Democrats gained five seats in the Senate and forty-nine in the House (the newcomers were nicknamed "Watergate Babies"). Alongside nine main articles by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, The Washington Post's 1973 Watergate entry included the following supporting materials read at the Public Service jury and then-Advisory Board's discretion: Supplemental Reportage "GOP Security Aide Among 5 Arrested In Bugging Affair" (Woodward & Bernstein; June 19, 1972) The interview displayed the entire scandal to the American people, and Nixon formally apologized, but his legacy remained tarnished. 0. , On February 7, 1973, the United States Senate voted 77-to-0 to approve 93 S.Res. Later forensic analysis in 2003 determined that the tape had been erased in several segments—at least five, and perhaps as many as nine. It was a stunning development, exactly what I had been waiting for. The grand jury secretly named Nixon as an unindicted co-conspirator. The connection between the break-in and the re-election committee was highlighted by media coverage—in particular, investigative coverage by The Washington Post, Time, and The New York Times. Directed by Alan J. Pakula. , The Administration and its supporters accused the media of making "wild accusations", putting too much emphasis on the story, and of having a liberal bias against the Administration. Throughout the long and difficult period of Watergate, I have felt it was my duty to persevere, to make every possible effort to complete the term of office to which you elected me.  They were released in their entirety on November 10, 2011, although the names of people still alive were redacted. , In June 1972, during a phone call with United Press reporter Helen Thomas, Martha Mitchell informed Thomas that she was leaving her husband until he resigned from the CRP. The three lawmakers told Nixon that his support in Congress had all but disappeared. The story reported that a team of burglars had been arrested inside the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington.  The police apprehended five men, later identified as Virgilio Gonzalez, Bernard Barker, James McCord, Eugenio Martínez, and Frank Sturgis. September 9, 1971: The White House “plumbers” unit – named for their orders to plug leaks in the administration – burglarizes a psychiatrist’s office to find files on Daniel Ellsberg, the former defense analyst who … He claimed that there were no political motivations in his instructions to the CIA, and claimed he had no knowledge before March 21, 1973, of involvement by senior campaign officials such as John Mitchell. , James F. Neal, who prosecuted the Watergate 7, did not believe Nixon had ordered the break-in because of Nixon's surprised reaction when he was told about it. Nixon later wrote that he thought, "As the helicopter moved on to Andrews, I found myself thinking not of the past, but of the future. "The Washington Post" reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein uncover the details of the Watergate scandal that leads to President Richard Nixon's resignation. The Post investigates ... story reported that a team of burglars had been arrested inside the offices of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington. Two days later, the same grand jury indicted Ed Reinecke, the Republican Lieutenant Governor of California, on three charges of perjury before the Senate committee.  John Dean, Jeb Stuart Magruder, and other figures had already pleaded guilty. It was the first time The Post linked the burglary to Nixon campaign funds. In summary, the Watergate scandal from 1972 to 1974 was a political scandal in the United States that involved many of President Nixon’s administration. Aided by the Public Citizen Litigation Group, the historian Stanley Kutler, who has written several books about Nixon and Watergate and had successfully sued for the 1996 public release of the Nixon White House tapes, sued for release of the transcripts of the Nixon grand jury testimony. ", Time, March 11, 1974, "The Nation: The Other Nixon Men", Theodore Schneyer, "Professionalism as Politics: The Making of a Modern Legal Ethics Code", in, "Follow The Money: On The Trail Of Watergate Lore", NPR, June 16, 2012. Because Attorney General Kleindienst, though a distinguished public servant, my personal friend for 20 years, with no personal involvement whatsoever in this matter has been a close personal and professional associate of some of those who are involved in this case, he and I both felt that it was also necessary to name a new Attorney General. That's all there is to that.  On August 1, a $25,000 (approximately $153,000 in 2019 dollars) cashier's check was found to have been deposited in the US and Mexican bank accounts of one of the Watergate burglars, Bernard Barker. In the aftermath of Watergate, "follow the money" became part of the American lexicon and is widely believed to have been uttered by Mark Felt to Woodward and Bernstein. The Watergate scandal refers to the burglary and illegal wiretapping of the Washington, D.C. headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, in the Watergate complex, by members of President of the United States Richard Nixon's re-election committee and subsequent abuse of powers by the president and administration officials to halt or hinder the investigation into same. The burglars were tried by a jury, with Judge John Sirica officiating, and pled guilty or were convicted on January 30, 1973.. , The publisher of The Sacramento Union, John P. McGoff, said in January 1975 that the media overemphasized the scandal, though he called it "an important issue", overshadowing more serious topics, like a declining economy and an energy crisis. He is devious. With Nixon's resignation, Congress dropped its impeachment proceedings. For the buildings, see, For a chronological guide to this subject, see, Wiretapping of the Democratic Party's headquarters, Senate Watergate hearings and revelation of the Watergate tapes, Legal action against Nixon Administration members, Final legal actions and effect on the law profession, (Transcript of the recording of a meeting between President Nixon and H. R. Haldeman). He didn't identify the staff members and he made it very clear that he wasn't recommending any one option over another.  Witnesses testified that the president had approved plans to cover up administration involvement in the break-in, and that there was a voice-activated taping system in the Oval Office. The Washington Post will begin publishing the papers later in the week. 1-844-617-1972 Modify Reservation Book Direct & Save. Mr. Barker's multiple national and international businesses all had separate bank accounts, which he was found to have attempted to use to disguise the true origin of the money being paid to the burglars. Rodota says a 1975 shortage of pre-Jell-O brand pistachio pudding in Washington was blamed on the combination of a bad pistachio crop and a huge number of home cooks making Watergate … On March 1, 1974, a grand jury in Washington, D.C., indicted several former aides of Nixon, who became known as the "Watergate Seven"—H.  The House Republican Leader John Jacob Rhodes agreed with Scott, and Rhodes recommended that if Nixon's position continued to deteriorate, he "ought to consider resigning as a possible option".  Most outlets ignored or downplayed Woodward and Bernstein's scoops; the crosstown Washington Star-News and the Los Angeles Times even ran stories incorrectly discrediting the Post's articles. Haldeman introduced the topic as follows: ... the Democratic break-in thing, we're back to the—in the, the problem area because the FBI is not under control, because Gray doesn't exactly know how to control them, and they have ... their investigation is now leading into some productive areas ... and it goes in some directions we don't want it to go. Sloan failed to do that. His identity would not become public until 2005, 33 years later. X. Paul W. Leeper, Officer John B. Barrett, and Officer Carl M. Shoffler) working the overnight "bum squad"—dressed as hippies and on the lookout for drug deals and other street crimes. Congress and the Justice Department investigated Watergate, and Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein traced the break-in to Nixon's reelection committee. On July 24, 1974, in United States v. Nixon, the Court ruled unanimously (8–0) that claims of executive privilege over the tapes were void. , On June 24 and 25, 1975, Nixon gave secret testimony to a grand jury.  However, O'Brien's name was not on Alfred C. Baldwin III's list of targets that was released in 2013. According to author Donald M. Bartlett, Richard Nixon would do whatever was necessary to prevent another family embarrassment. So began the chain of events that would convulse Washington for two years, lead to the first resignation of a U.S. president and change American politics forever. He could try to ride out the impeachment and fight against conviction in the Senate all the way, or he could resign. Dean later testified that top Nixon aide John Ehrlichman ordered him to "deep six" the contents of Howard Hunt's White House safe. When confronted with the potential charge of federal bank fraud, he revealed that committee deputy director Jeb Magruder and finance director Maurice Stans had directed him to give the money to G. Gordon Liddy. Nixon replied that the money should be paid: "... just looking at the immediate problem, don't you have to have—handle Hunt's financial situation damn soon? I have never been a quitter. Watergate prosecutor James Neal was sure that Nixon had not known in advance of the break-in. Richardson resigned in protest rather than carry out the order.  The burglars' sentry across the street, Alfred Baldwin, was distracted watching TV and failed to observe the arrival of the police car in front of the hotel. The Watergate Hotel in Washington DC features 5-star service, luxury rooms & suites, rooftop bar, spa, winter igloos, indoor pool, restaurant & whisky bar. Nixon said: "Well ... they have to be paid. ... you've got to keep the cap on the bottle that much, in order to have any options". Dean mentioned this observation while testifying to the Senate Committee on Watergate, exposing the thread of what were taped conversations that would unravel the fabric of the conspiracy. , Texas A&M University–Central Texas professor Luke Nichter wrote the chief judge of the federal court in Washington to release hundreds of pages of sealed records of the Watergate Seven. At the request of Nixon's White House in 1969, the FBI tapped the phones of five reporters. On August 29, at a news conference, Nixon stated that Dean had conducted a thorough investigation of the incident, when Dean had actually not conducted any investigations at all. According to Dean, this marked "the opening scene of the worst political scandal of the twentieth century and the beginning of the end of the Nixon presidency". The bailiff kept banging for silence. In Miami, Bernstein learned that a $25,000 check for Nixon's reelection campaign had been deposited in the bank account of one of the burglars. El caso Watergate, que provocó la única dimisión en la historia de un presidente de Estados Unidos, se refiere a la entrada ilegal de cinco personas en el cuartel general del partido Demócrata el 17 de junio de 1972, ubicado en el edificio Watergate—y de ahí su nombre—en Washington D.C. But as President, I must put the interest of America first.  Butterfield said he was reluctant to answer, but finally admitted there was a new system in the White House that automatically recorded everything in the Oval Office, the Cabinet Room and others, as well as Nixon's private office in the Old Executive Office Building. At the time, Oliver was working as the executive director of the Association of State Democratic Chairmen.  He is the only U.S. president to have resigned from office. In 1973, The Washington Post received the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for its Watergate coverage. " Cuban then-leader Fidel Castro said in his December 1974 interview that, of the crimes committed by the Cuban exiles, like killings, attacks on Cuban ports, and spying, the Watergate burglaries and wiretappings were "probably the least of [them]". Cox refused.. Retrieved November 7, 2014. , The following morning, Sunday, June 18, G. Gordon Liddy called Jeb Magruder in Los Angeles and informed him that "the four men arrested with McCord were Cuban freedom fighters, whom Howard Hunt recruited". Deep Throat’s lawyer discovers the Washington Post betrayed his client—while covering up the real truth about the Watergate scandal. Nixon furthermore said, "I can say categorically that ... no one in the White House staff, no one in this Administration, presently employed, was involved in this very bizarre incident." Haig was explaining what he and Nixon's staff thought were Nixon's only options. Barker's use of foreign banks in April and May 1972, to deposit checks and withdraw the funds via cashier's checks and money orders, resulted in the banks keeping the entire transaction records until October and November 1972. The FBI found no evidence that O'Brien's phone was bugged; however, it was determined that an effective listening device was installed in Oliver's phone. Woodward agreed to keep his identity secret, referring to him in conversations with colleagues only as "Deep Throat." " He needed to allow Bork to appoint a new special prosecutor; Bork chose Leon Jaworski to continue the investigation.  On July 27, 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted 27-to-11 to recommend the first article of impeachment against the president: obstruction of justice. Rose Mary Woods, Nixon's longtime personal secretary, said she had accidentally erased the tape by pushing the wrong pedal on her tape player when answering the phone. Consequently, this is a story that was also missed by Spielberg, and missed by Alan Pakula in his 1976 film about The Washington Post’s role in Watergate, All The President’s Men. '", Nixon approved the plan, and after he was given more information about the involvement of his campaign in the break-in, he told Haldeman: "All right, fine, I understand it all. This information became the bombshell that helped force Richard Nixon to resign rather than be impeached. All the secret meetings between Woodward and Felt took place at an underground parking garage somewhere in Rosslyn over a period from June 1972 to January 1973. • Hersh, S, 1983, The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House, Faber & Faber, London"FBI Records: Watergate". , On September 15, 1972, a grand jury indicted the five office burglars, as well as Hunt and Liddy, for conspiracy, burglary, and violation of federal wiretapping laws.